HomeAbout TMAqeedahFiqhPurificationAssessmentHereafterArticlesAudio
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fiqh  Degrees Positive Commands  Degrees Prohibited Commands  Taharah  Wuzu  Ghusl  Tayamum    

Adhaan  Salah  Zakaat  Hajj  Umrah  Visiting Rasoolullah [peace be upon him]

A BASIC GUIDE TO FIQH FOR PURIFICATION (TAHARAH, WUZU, GHUSL) AND SALAH (FIVE TIMES PRAYERS)
In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate, Praise be to Allah, Lord of all the Worlds

TAHARAH (PURIFICATION)

 

Before one can offer Salah there are six conditions to be fulfilled:

 

  1. Tahaqah (Ritual Cleanliness)
  2. Covering of ones Satar (The minimum part of the body, which should be covered)
  3. Facing Qiblah
  4. The place of prayer should be clean
  5. There should be valid time for the Salah
  6. Intention of Salah

 

Cleanliness of Tahrah covers 3 parts; Body, Clothes, Place.

 

Impurification two types:

 

  1. Ritual impurity (Najaste Hukmiya). This is a state of impurity, which cannot be seen. It has two types; (a) minor impurity (Hadas), which can be removed by wudu (Ablution). (b) major ritual impurity (Janabah), which can be removed by full ritual bath.
  2. Physical impurity. This impurity is visible it also has two types (a) major physical impurity (Najasate Mughlaza). (b) minor physical impurity (Najasate Mukhafatah).

 

The amount of impurity, which is excused, is 3cm in diameter for major physical impurity is less than a for minor physical impurity. A person should not make a habit of neglecting the above-mentioned amounts. This knowledge is useful for abnormal circumstances and also of one has offered Salah and after it noticed at the amount is less than the above mentioned. He does not need to repeat his prayer.

 

SOME POINTS WITH REFERENCE TO WATER

 

All natural water is pure and clean. Flowing water is clean even if impurity falls in it, unless the colour, taste and smell change. A pond at tank 6.5 by 6.5m will be considered flowing water, if it has less than that it will be considered impure, if any impurity falls in it. Insects do not make the water impure. Water, which has been used for Wudu and Ghusl, is clean itself, but cannot purify anything else. If a dog, pig or any Haraam animal of pray drinks from a pond of tank less than 6.5 by 6.5m (250 litres) it will become impure. This tank of pond should be deep enough so that a person can take water with his hands, without touching the ground.

 

ISTANJA (WASHING/CLEANING OF PRIVATE PARTS)

 

Istanja means to clean the private parts, after passing urine or stool, by using clean water, tissue paper or lumps of dry earth. It is Sunnah Mukada to perform Istanja. If it does not exceed from its outlet, if it spreads or exceeds 3 square centimetres than it is obligatory to wash it with water.

 

It is Makrooh to do Istanja with coal, bone, glass, baked bricks and printed-paper or anything which is beneficial to man, jinn or animals. Istanja should be done with left hand and one should not face or turn back towards Qiblah at time of answering call of nature. One should remove any ring, necklace or badge, which has name of Allah Tala and Prophet Muhammad (Sollallahu alaihi wasallam) and any verse or word of Quran and Hadith.

 

One should take special care of urine drops and traces. There is no need to doubt but when sure and can feel the discharge one must do Istanja, wash the part of clothes which is soiled and perform Wuzu again.

 

 
 
 
HomeAbout TMAqeedahFiqhPurificationAssessmentHereafterArticlesAudioContact

Tareeqah Muhammadiyah