Before one can offer Salah there are six
conditions to be fulfilled:
Tahaqah (Ritual Cleanliness)
Covering of ones Satar (The minimum part
of the body, which should be covered)
The place of prayer should be clean
There should be valid time for the Salah
Intention of Salah
Cleanliness of Tahrah covers 3 parts; Body,
Impurification two types:
Ritual impurity (Najaste Hukmiya). This
is a state of impurity, which cannot be seen. It has two
types; (a) minor impurity (Hadas), which can be removed
by wudu (Ablution). (b) major ritual impurity (Janabah),
which can be removed by full ritual bath.
Physical impurity. This impurity is
visible it also has two types (a) major physical
impurity (Najasate Mughlaza). (b) minor physical
impurity (Najasate Mukhafatah).
The amount of impurity, which is excused, is
3cm in diameter for major physical impurity is less than a ¼
for minor physical impurity. A person should not make a
habit of neglecting the above-mentioned amounts. This
knowledge is useful for abnormal circumstances and also of
one has offered Salah and after it noticed at the amount is
less than the above mentioned. He does not need to repeat
SOME POINTS WITH REFERENCE TO WATER
All natural water is pure and clean. Flowing
water is clean even if impurity falls in it, unless the
colour, taste and smell change. A pond at tank 6.5 by 6.5m
will be considered flowing water, if it has less than that
it will be considered impure, if any impurity falls in it.
Insects do not make the water impure. Water, which has been
used for Wudu and Ghusl, is clean itself, but cannot purify
anything else. If a dog, pig or any Haraam animal of pray
drinks from a pond of tank less than 6.5 by 6.5m (250
litres) it will become impure. This tank of pond should be
deep enough so that a person can take water with his hands,
without touching the ground.
ISTANJA (WASHING/CLEANING OF PRIVATE PARTS)
Istanja means to clean the private parts,
after passing urine or stool, by using clean water, tissue
paper or lumps of dry earth. It is Sunnah Mukada to perform
Istanja. If it does not exceed from its outlet, if it
spreads or exceeds 3 square centimetres than it is
obligatory to wash it with water.
It is Makrooh to do Istanja with coal, bone,
glass, baked bricks and printed-paper or anything which is
beneficial to man, jinn or animals. Istanja should be done
with left hand and one should not face or turn back towards
Qiblah at time of answering call of nature. One should
remove any ring, necklace or badge, which has name of Allah
Tala and Prophet Muhammad (Sollallahu alaihi wasallam) and any verse or word of
Quran and Hadith.
One should take special care of urine drops
and traces. There is no need to doubt but when sure and can
feel the discharge one must do Istanja, wash the part of
clothes which is soiled and perform Wuzu again.